In Chemnitz, Richard Hartmann founded a factory for the production of spinning machines back in the 1830s. They were followed by steam engines, and in 1848, he introduced his first steam locomotive. Saxony’s State Government supported the founder. Hartmann was a very successful entrepreneur; the locomotives made in Chemnitz were in great demand around the globe. In 1870, for example, 2,700 employees were on the payroll of Hartmann’s “Sächsische Maschinenfabrik” machine factory.
In 1910, August Horch founded the Audi Automobilwerke GmbH corporation in Zwickau; and within the same year, the company already delivered its first car. Headquartered in Ingolstadt, the Audi AG corporation is part of the Volkswagen AG Group today which, in turn, employs about 13,000 people at three locations in Saxony.