ENERGY IN SAXONY
The largest portion of Saxony’s energy demand (primary energy consumption) is covered by lignite (43 %). This is followed by mineral oils (30 %), natural gas (19 %), and renewable energy (7 %). When it comes to renewable energy, biomass / biogas is the most relevant source with a share of more than 70 %, followed by wind energy and solar energy / PV with approximately 10 % each.
In Saxony, lignite is used primarily for power generation for industry and the transportation sectors. Natural gas and electricity are the most commonly used energy carriers for both the manufacturing trade and the service sector in Saxony. In contrast to private households, renewable energy has not played a significant role in the corporate sector so far.
In relation to the gross domestic product (GDP), primary energy consumption (PEC) in Saxony exhibited a downward trend in the latest available period under review. In 2012, 6.3 GJ (Germany: 5.6 GJ) of primary energy were used for every 1,000 euros of the real gross domestic product in Saxony. In the years under review, the macroeconomic energy efficiency (PEC per GDP) in Saxony and in Germany increased by an average of 1.9 percent per year (average annual change rate).
The reviewed gross electricity consumption in relation to the gross domestic product (GDP) exhibited a downward trend both in Saxony and Germany. In 2012, 202 kWh (Germany: 245 kWh) of electricity were used for every 1,000 euros of the real gross domestic product in Saxony. Compared to Germany, the gross domestic product generated with one unit of gross electricity is 19 percent higher in Saxony.