Traffic Infrastructure


…with its dense network of federal expressways, rail lines, three inland ports on the Elbe River, and two international airports. At Leipzig / Halle Airport, the logistics giant DHL provides 24/7 service year round at its European air cargo hub.

Map "Saxony's Traffic Infrastructure"

Source: Saxony Economic Development Corporation (WFS)

Saxony's Traffic Infrastructure

Saxony’s road network is one of the best developed systems in all of Germany. Near Dresden, Europe’s most important routes intersect – the E 40 (France – Kazakhstan) and the E 55 (Sweden – Greece).   

Rail transportation is one of Saxony’s strong points. Germany’s first long-distance train traveled from Dresden to Leipzig already back in 1839. Today, with a length of about 2.600 km, the region possesses one of Europe’s densest rail networks. 

Three highly efficient Elbe River inland ports have been expanded into transportation interfaces of water, road, and rail. These ports connect Saxony with the North German seaports and, thus, with international maritime trade. 

Saxony has two international airports - Leipzig / Halle and Dresden. At the Leipzig / Halle Airport the logistics giant DHL runs its most modern European air cargo hub.


The Federal State of Saxony has a dense, extensive road network for national and international transportation amounting to a total length of 13,397 km. Compared to the surface area (726 km / 1,000 km2) and the inhabitants (3.29 km / 1,000 inhabitants), the density of the road network exceeds the German national average (643 km / 1,000 km2 and/or 2.76 km / 1,000 inhabitants).

Saxony’s state road network has a total length of about 4,799 kilometers and the federal highway system a length of about 2,310 kilometers. This is supplemented by 567 kilometers of federal expressways and 5,741 kilometers of county roads.

The following federal expressways transverse Saxony: A4, A9, A13, A14, A17, A38, and A72. Two of the major European routes – the E40 (France – Kazakhstan) and the E55 (Sweden – Greece) intersect near Dresden.

as of: January 1, 2020


Due to its long tradition, rail transportation is one of Saxony’s strong points. It is here where Germany’s first long-distance railroad traveled from Dresden to Leipzig already in 1839. Today, Saxony’s rail network has a total length of approximately 2,600 km, which makes it the densest rail network among all German federal states – and, at the same time, one of the most extensive networks of its kind in all of Europe.

The long-distance and metropolitan network connects Saxony’s city centers with one another and is a link to the urban centers in the neighboring federal states. The long-distance network also provides international connections to Poland, the Czech Republic, and beyond.


Saxony has direct access to the North German seaports and, thus, international trade through the Elbe River, a federal waterway. The Elbe River flows through Saxony with a length of 180 km. Together with the Rhine River, it is the busiest waterway in Germany.

With Dresden, Riesa, and Torgau, the Federal State of Saxony has efficient and effective trimodally operating inland ports where more than 70 companies that rely on the ports have set up their business. Together with Děčín and Lovosice (Czech Republic) as well as Dessau-Rosslau (Saxony-Anhalt), the three ports in Saxony are part of the Sächsische Binnenhäfen Oberelbe GmbH (SBO) inland port corporation. With its six ports, the SBO provides highly competitive shipping services along the Upper Elbe River from one source.

The Alberthafen port in Dresden-Friedrichstadt is a universal port. The port’s central location and its direct access to federal highway B6, federal expressway A4, and the DB AG’s core rail network all provide optimal locational conditions for trimodal transport. Dresden’s Alberthafen port provides high volume facilities for the transshipment of general, bulk, and heavy cargoes as well as containers with cranes having a maximum lifting capacity of 85 tons (tandem operation). Ultramodern quay facilities permit the easy transshipment of heavy goods with mobile crane technology. In addition, a ro ro facility is available at the port for the loading and unloading of goods weighing up to 370 tons.

The inland port Riesa has direct access to the federal highways B6 and B69 as well as to the DB AG’s core rail network. Cranes having a maximum lifting capacity of 50 tons (tandem operation) are available for the transshipment of containers as well as general, bulk, and heavy cargoes. 

The port in Torgau, which provides direct access to the federal highways B87, B182, and B183 as well as to the DB AG’s core rail network, excels with its superb location right in the heart of the business region Leipzig/Halle. Cargo handling and transshipment are carried out with cranes having a lifting capacity of up to 35 tons. Since 2007, the Torgau port has been linked directly to the North German seaports via the inland waterway shipping line ETS Elbe (Ecological Transport Service).


With Dresden and Leipzig / Halle, the Federal State of Saxony possesses two highly efficient commercial airports which have been organized under one roof by the Mitteldeutsche Flughafen AG holding corporation since 2001.

Leipzig/Halle Airport is one of the five largest freight hubs in Europe. With annual freight volumes totalling more than 1.38 million tonnes, Leipzig/Halle Airport is Germany’s second-​largest cargo hub. The DHL Express, Aerologic, Antonov Logistics Salis as well as CargoLogicGermany logistics companies have their main base at Leipzig/Halle Airport. At the beginning of November 2020 Amazon Air have taken up their operations at their first-​​ever regional air hub in Europe. In total more than 60 cargo aircraft use the airport round the clock to handle freight from all over the world. Thanks to its excellent connections, 532.690 of passengers from the Leipzig/Halle urban region and beyond use the airport in order to travel to destinations all over the world, either on non-​stop or feeder flights.

The catchment area of Dresden Airport covers two of the most important urban areas in Eastern Germany – i.e. Dresden and Chemnitz/Zwickau. Passengers from the south of Brandenburg, the north of the Czech Republic and the Silesia region in western Poland also use Dresden Airport to travel to destinations all over the world, either on non-​stop or feeder flights.

For general aviation with smaller aircraft, 22 commercial and special-purpose airfields as well as one glider airfield are available in Saxony.

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